Admiral John Benbow 1651-1702
Prepared by W.A.Benbow
, Nov.8, 1697, PRO.ADM.3/13; January 1,1698, PRO.ADM.3/14, November 4, 1699, PRO.Adm.3/15(re: Captain
An Account of the Arraignments and Tryals of Col. Richard Kirkby, Capt. John Constable, Capt. Cooper Wade, Capt. Samuel
Vincent, and Capt. Christopher Fogg… London, 1703, (reprinted 1747 with Fighting Instructions and Articles of War,
in Eddowes's Journal, Shrewsbury, August 2, 1843: available Shrewsbury Archives/Library).
An Account of the Transaction Between Admiral Benbow and M. Du Cass, London, 1705. (Kirkby Defence: available Admiralty
An account of the execution of Col Richard Kirkby & Capt Cooper Wade on Board Her Majesty’s ship the Bristol
in the Harbour of Plymouth Ap the 16th 1703, published 1703. (referenced by Cowper in Transactions of the
Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society, 1916.
Baxter, Richard, Reliquiae Baxterianae, London, 1696, (Early English Books Online)
Benbow: PRO.Adm.1/2642; British Library Add. Manuscript 12102, 21494.
Constable: PRO.Adm.1/1591, 1/1588, 1/1594
Calendar of State Papers, Colonial and Domestic Series, London, 1690-1703.
College of Arms, Registered Arms and Crest, recorded for John Benbow in 1621/2. (reported by Richmond Herald, P.L.Dickinson
in letter of Feb.10,1998 to W.R.Benbow; and by Windsor Herald, W.G.Hunt, in letter of Oct.4,2000 to Dr. John A.Dick).*
Council Minutes, Jamaica, 1702 (Institute of Jamaica).
Courts Martial record, pre-mutiny, Jamaica 1701-2: Adm.1/5262.
Courts Martial record of Kirkby, Wade, Constable, Vincent, Fogg - October 1702(Public Record Office, Kew): Adm.1/5263
folios 1-233; and
Hattendorf, John B., "Benbow's Last Fight", in The Naval Miscellany, Vol. V, ed. N.A.M. Rodger, The Naval Records
Society, v. 125, London, 1984, p.143-206; and
Howell, T.B., Complete Collection of State Trials, v.XIV, London, 1812, p.538-546.
Court Martial record, Henry Tourville, 1693, PRO.Adm.1/5254.
Court Martial record, Master John Benbow, Apr.20,1681, PRO.Adm.1/5253.
Court Martial record of Colonel John Benbow, in Howell, T.B., A Complete Collection of State Trials, vol.v, London,
1816, "Proceedings against James Stanley, Earl of Derby,…and Captain John Benbow", p.294-298. (UVic)
Court Martial record of trial of Colonel John Benbow, published in The Stanley Papers, Cheltham Society, 1867, ed.
F.R. Raines, "Private devotions and miscellanies of James, 7th Earl of Derby, KG".
Court Martial record of trial of Colonel John Benbow in Wharton, George, The perfect tryall and confession of the Earl
of Derby…and Captain Benbow, London, 1651, (Early English Books Online).
Evelyn, John, The Diary of John Evelyn, Oxford, 1985.*
Heath, James, A Chronicle of the late intestine war, London, 1676, (Early English Books Online).
The Historical and Political Monthly Mercury, February 1703, London. (City of London, Guildhall Library).
London Gazette, 3862, 3865, 3878, 3886, 3907, London, 1702-1703.
Luttrell, Narcissus, A Brief Historical Review, Oxford, 1757.
Institute of Jamaica, Benbow biographical file, Colonial records.
Morris, George and Hardwicke, William, Benbow pedigrees, 19th Century, (Shrewsbury Archives).
Partridge Astrological Notice of Nativity of Admiral Benbow: British Library Egerton 2378: f. 23v.
Proceedings of Privy Council: PRO/Adm.1. 5248.(Trinity House)
"The Seaman’s Sorrow, an Elegy on the much Lamented Death of Admiral John Benbow…", London. (Henry E. Huntington
Ships Journals (Public Record Office, Kew):
Captains: Bredah – Adm.51/130; Pendennis – Adm.51/4287; Falmouth – Adm.51/341;
Masters: Windsor – Adm. 52/311; Falmouth – Adm.52/34; Greenwich – Adm.52/40; Ruby – Adm.52/270.
Relation de ce qui s'est passe entre une escadre du Roy de quatre Vaisseaux commandee par Monsieur Ducasse..., Bordeaux,
1703, (John Carter Brown Library, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
Smith, V.T.C. Smith Collection, London, Society of Genealogists, "Genealogy of Admiral Benbow", Microfilm 966, vol.
23, p. 204.
Stapylton, Robert, Sir, A more full Relation of the great Victory Obtained by our Forces near Worcester, London,
1651, (Early English Books Online).
Admiral John Benbow – PRO.Prob.II/469, f.47, 1703.
John Benbow – PCC 238, 1709.
Martha Benbow – PROB 11/589, frame 8, 1723.
Richard Kirkby – PROB 11/470, June 18, 1703.
Cooper Wade – PROB 11/470, 1703.
Thomas Hudson –PROB 11/471, 1703.
John Constable – PROB 11/571, 1719.
Warre (letter to Burchett Jan.5/1702/3): PRO.Adm.1/4088.
The Visitation of Shropshire,1623, London, Harleian Society, 1889, vol. Xxviii, p.39-40(available online e-books via
University of Ohio).
Benbow specific ARTICLES IN BOOKS AND JOURNALS
Anonymous, "An Account of William Benbow, Son to the Admiral", Gentleman's
Magazine, London, 1769, April. vol. 39. p. 171-172.
Anonymous, The Naval Chronicle, "Admiral John Benbow", London, vol.xx, 1808, p.169-192, original engraving by H.R.Cook.
Anonymous, The Salopian and West-Midland Monthly Illustrated Journal, "Admiral John Benbow", pub. John Randall,
April - August 1879.
Anonymous, "Benbow the Brave buried in Kingston" in The Boston Sunday Globe, August 5, 1956, (available National
Library of Jamaica).
Anonymous, Shropshire Gazetteer, "John Benbow", pub. T. Gregory, 1824.
Anonymous, Twelve British Admirals, "Admiral Benbow", by an Englishwoman, reprinted from the Navy League Journal,
Westminster, 1904, p.30-38. *
Aspinall, A.E. West Indian Tales of Old, London, 1915, "Benbow the Brave" p.1-23.
Barnett, John, "Benbow and His Last Fight", in Fighting Admirals, London, 1910, p.183-213.*
Barnett, John, "Benbow and His Last Fight" Cornhill Magazine, London, vol. 29, July to December 1910, p.97-112,
(available University of Western Ontario).
Beck, Edward, "The Benbow Family", Memorials to Serve for a History of the Parish of St. Mary, Rotherhithe, Cambridge,
Benbow, William A., "The Benbow Mutiny", The Mariner's Mirror, Vol.91, No.1, Feb.2005, p.83-89.
Bryan, W.T., "A Lesser Known Benbow", Shropshire Magazine, August, 1979, (available Shrewsbury Archives)
Bullocke, J.G., Sailors' Rebellion, London, 1938, "The Mutiny of Admiral Benbow’s Officers", p. 13-56, Engraving.*
Burke, Peter, Celebrated Naval and Military Trials, London, 1866, "Admiral Benbow", p.10-16.
Burney, William, Naval Heroes of Great Britain, London, "Vice-Admiral Benbow", 1806, p.79-91.*
Callender, Sir Geoffrey, and Britton, C.F. "Admiral Benbow, Fact and Fiction," Mariner's Mirror, 1944, vol. XXX,
Part 1, p.123-143, Part II, p.200-219. *
Callender, Geoffrey, Sea Kings of Britain, Vol.II, "Benbow" 1909, (1932 edition), Longmans, London, p.116-131. *
Campbell, Dr. John. "Benbow, John", in Biographia Britannica, London, 1747.vol.i.
Campbell, Dr. John. Lives of British Admirals, London, 1742 (1812 ed.), vol.iii, and iv, "Memoirs of Vice-Admiral
Benbow", p.201-228. *
Campbell, John, "The Story of Admiral Benbow", in Fifty Two Stories of the British Navy, Miles, Alfred H., London,
Carew, Peter, "An Infamous Squadron" in Blackwood’s Magazine, vol. 263, January-June 1948, p.190-196, (UWO
Charnock, John., Biographia Navalis, London, 1795, "Benbow, John", vol. ii, p. 220 and vol. iii.*
Connell, F.Norreys, "Old Benbow" in Britain’s Sea-Kings and Sea-Fights, Robinson, B. Fletcher et al, London,
Cundall, Frank, (Institute of Jamaica), "Benbow’s Tomb", in letter to the Times December 24, 1912.
Cunningham, G.G., Lives of Eminent Englishmen, "Vice-Admiral John Benbow", Glasgow, 1840, p.32-36.
Davidson, Louis B. and Doherty, Eddie, Strange Crimes at Sea, "Benbow’s Last Sea Fight", New York, 1954, p.13-32.*
Duncan, Archibald, The British Trident, "Action off Santa Marta", London, 1804*
Dyall, Valentine. A Flood of Mutiny, London, 1957, "Benbow’s Cowardly Captains", p.201-222.*
Edgar, John G., Sea Kings and Naval Heroes, "Admiral Benbow", London, 1861, p.206-214.*
Elliot, Major W.J., Daring Deeds Afloat "Royal Navy", "Admiral John Benbow’s Action", London, c1920, p.7-68,
documents and illustrations.*
Femmer, Ray, "Benbow’s Day of Infamy" in Daily Gleaner, 1969, (available Institute of Jamaica)
Fletcher, W.J., "Admiral Benbow", in Macmillan’s Magazine, Vol.LXXXIV, May to October 1901, London, p.381-90,
(UWO Microfilm AP4.M2)
Fletcher, W.J., "Four Tarpauling Captains", in Cornhill Magazine, 3rd Series, Vol.13, 1902, p.196-213.
(UWO Microfilm AP4.C8)
Giffard, Edward., "Benbow’s Last Fight", in Deeds of Naval Daring, London,1910, p.31-35.*
Glover, George, Shropshire Eccentrics, 1991.
Hadden, J.Cuthbert, Stirring Sea Fights, "The Story of Admiral Benbow", p. 126-136, 1915.
Hardwick, Mollie, "Those Cowardly Captains", in Fifty True Mysteries of the Sea, ed. John Canning, New York, 1980.*
Hattendorf, John, "Benbow, John (1653?-1702", in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press,
Hulbert, Charles, "Life of Admiral Benbow", in Salopian Magazine, No.1,Vol.1., January 31, 1815, p.8 - 13; and No.2,Vol.1,
February 28, 1815, p.55-57.*
Jones, D., A Compleat History of Europe for the Year 1702, "An Account of the Proceedings in the West-Indies of
Vice Admiral Bembo", London, 1703, p. 496-7 and 515-521.
Lang, John, Outposts of Empire, London, 1910, "Admiral Benbow", p.179-189.
Laughton, Sir John., "Benbow, John", in Dictionary of National Biography, London, (1937 edition).
Lee, Albert, "Old Benbow", in Famous British Admirals, London, c.1912, p.187-196.*
Jones, Richard (pub.), Leisure Hour, "Something about Benbow", London, Jan.1863. (woodcut of gravestone)
Leith, A., Lives of the most eminent British naval heroes, 1809.
Locker, Edward Hawke, Naval Gallery of Greenwich Hospital, "Vice-Admiral John Benbow, Esq. Vice-Admiral of the Blue",
London, 1831, Original Engraving.*
Love, Robert, "Captain John Benbow - Shrewsbury Civil War hero", Shropshire Magazine, November, 1970, (available
Mackenna, Stephen J. & O,Shea, John, Brave Men in Action, "The Three John Benbows", London, 1899.
Mitchell, Charles, Seaman’s Portrait, London, c1950.*
Morris, George, Benbow pedigrees, in the Shrewsbury Archives.
Notes and Queries, 7th series X, July 5/90, p.4; 2nd Series 19, May10/1856, p.365-367; vol.12(298)Jul14/1855,p.26;
2nd series 104, Dec.26,1857, p.516; 3rd series 8 (193), Sept.9, 1865, p.207; 3rd series 8,
Sept.30, 1865, p.277; 3rd series 8, Oct.28, 1865, p.362; 3rd series 9, Feb.3, 1866, p.104-5; Series
7, vol.x, p.4; Series 12, vol.iii, p.91; Series 12, vol.vii, p.478; Series 12, vol.ix, p.15.
Orwell, George, "As I Please", Tribune, 29,Dec. 1944.
Parkes, D., "Life and Exploits of Admiral Benbow", in Gentleman’s Magazine, vol. 89, 1819, p.9-11; (Original
Portrait Drawing p.8).
Parkes, D., "Benbow’s Birthplace", in Gentleman’s Magazine, 1809, p.1097; Engraving of House p.1096.
Rees,R.J., "Admiral John Benbow", Shropshire Magazine, Shrewsbury, January 1983.
Rose, Hugh James, A New General Biographical Dictionary, 1857, "John Benbow", vol.1v, p.64-68.
Southam, S.Clement. "Admiral John Benbow", Shropshire Archaelogical Society, vol. vi. First series, Shrewsbury,
1883, p. 333-334. (UVic)
Southam, Herbert, "Vice-Admiral John Benbow", Shropshire Archaeological Society, vol.v, 1905.
Temple, Arthur, Kings of the Quarter Deck, "John Benbow 1653-1702", c.1890, p.1-15.*
Whitaker, N.H., Biographical Sketches of Eccentric Characters, 1832, "John Benbow", p.58-65.
Whitton, E., Service Trials and Tragedies, "Benbow and his Captains", London, 1930, p.11-26.*
Wilson, G.H., The Eccentric Mirror, London, 1807, "John Benbow" vol.vi, No.35, p.1-9.
Wilson, Henry, Wonderful Character’s, London, 1821.
Winstanley, William, Loyall Martyrology, "Colonel Benbow" London, 1665, portrait on frontispiece, and p.34. (available
online via Worldcat)
Wrenn, D.P.H. "Admiral Benbow" Shropshire History Makers, Wakefield, E.P.Pub. 1975.*
BOOKS and pamphlets pertaining to Benbow:
Anonymous, Brave Benbow was His Name, The Churches Conservation Trust, 2001.
Benbow, Dr. Edgar, Wooden Ships and Iron Men, Greenwich Book Pub., New York, 1957.
Benbow, William R., "The Theory of the Five Branches of the Benbow Family".
Benbow, William R., "The Origin of the surname Benbow".
Benbow, Robert, unpublished manuscript (partial), "A Glorious Revolution Nonetheless", Iowa, 1996.
Benbow, W.A., Brave Benbow, Victoria, 1992.
Berry, William and Dorothy, The Two John Benbows, and The Benbow Family of Newport, 2002. (Shropshire Archives)
Hay, Mary Isabel, The Life of John Benbow, Masters Thesis, Indiana University, 1932.
Pidgeon, Henry. A Biographical Notice of Admiral Benbow, Shrewsbury, 1843, (available Shrewsbury Library).
Rees, R.J. Unpublished biography of Admiral Benbow, Wales, 1985.
Admiral Benbow and the Ship’s Company, A series of Paintings by Geoferey Dance, Arthur Moyse, c 1962, Hyde Park.
Brahms, Caryl, and Sherrin, Ned. Benbow Was His Name, London, 1967.
Kingston, W.H.G., Roger Willoughby, or the times of Benbow,circa 1900, London.*
Saville, J.F.,Admiral Benbow, a drama in 3 Acts, Surrey Theatre Original - April 16th, 1838.*
Strang, Herbert, Humphrey Bold, A story of the time of Benbow, 1909, London.*
http://boards.ancestry.com/mbexec?htx=board&r=rw&p=surnames.benbow Roots Web
http://genforum.genealogy.com/benbow Benbow forum
http://www.charlesbenbowfamily.homestead.com/Index.html Katherine Dick Benbow
http://firstname.lastname@example.org/BenbowGenealogy.html Linda Benbow
http://bravebenbow.tripod.com William A. Benbow
http://www.nmm.ac.uk/ National Maritime Museum: Prints and Paintings
http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/frameset_search.asp INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX
http://www.navylist.org/ Naval Biographical
Database, Donnithorne, Chris, Portsmouth.
HERALDRY: (from W.R.Benbow - with Benbow references)
Burke, Sir Bernard, The General Armory of England Scotland & Wales, London, Harrison & sons, 1884.
Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles, Armorial Families, vol.i, London, Hurst & Blackett,
Gough, Henry, A glossary of terms used in heraldry, 1894,
Guillim, John, A Display of Heraldrie, London, 1610, p.332. (Kirton Arms)(Early English Books Online)
Morris, George, "Armorial Bearings of Shropshire Families", in Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural
History Society, 1st series, vol.vi, 1883, p.218.
Kittermaster, Fred. W, Shropshire Arms and Lineages, London : W. Macintosh, 1869, p.6.
BOOKS, GENERAL HISTORY AND BACKGROUND:
Aubrey, Philip, Defeat of James Stuart’s Armada 1692, Leicester, 1979
Auden, Charles, Shrewsbury, A Historical and Topigraphical Account of the Town, London, 1923, p.170-173 and 190-193(U.
Auden, J.E., "Shropshire and the Royalist Conspiracies between the end of the first Civil War and the Restoration", Transactions
of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 3rd series, vol.x, Shrewsbury, 1910, p.106-132.(U.
Bassett, W.G., ENGLISH NAVAL POLICY IN THE CARIBBEAN: 1698-1703, The Julian Corbett Prize Essay, 1932, the Institute
of Historical Research, vol 11, 1933-34.
Bird, W.H.B., "The Last Visitation of Shropshire, 1663", Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History
Society, 2nd series, vol.iv, Shrewsbury, 1892. (U. of Victoria)
Bourne, Ruth, Queen Anne's Navy in the West Indies, New Haven, 1939.
Buchet, Christian, "The Royal Navy and the Caribbean, 1689-1763", Mariner’s Mirror, vol.80, 1994, p.30-44.
Burchet, Josiah. War at Sea, London, 1720.
Burnet, Gilbert. History of His Own Time, London, 1734.*
The Commissioned Sea Officers of the Royal Navy, London, National Maritime Museum, 1955, vol. i.
Clowes, Laird, History of the Royal Navy, 1898, vol.ii.
Corbett, Julian S., Fighting Instructions, Navy Records Society, 1905.
Cowper, H.S., "The Kirkby’s of Kirkby-in-Furness", in Transactions of the Cumberland & Wesmorland Antiquarian
& Archaeological Society, n.s. vol.VI, 1906, p.97-127; "More Kirkby Notes: Kirkby vs. Benbow", n.s.vol.XVI, 1916,
Creswell, John, British Admirals of the Eighteenth Century, Tactics in Battle, London, 1972.
Cruickshanks, Eveline, Handley, Stuart, and Hayton, D.W., The History of Parliament The House of Commons 1690-1715,
"Kirkby, Roger", vol.IV, p.569-570, Cambridge, 2002.
Cundall, Frank, Historic Jamaica, 1915, Institute of Jamaica, London.
Davies, J.D. Gentlemen and Tarpaulins, Oxford, 1991.
Davies, David, Fighting Ships, 2002.
Dews, Nathan. History of Deptford, London, 1884.
Drury, Robert. Madagascar, London, 1890, (first published 1729).
Entick, John, A New Naval History, London, 1757, p.629-632.
Ehrman, John, The Navy in the War of William III,Cambridge, 1953.
Harland, John, Seamanship, London, 1984.
Hattendorf, John, "Sir George Rooke and Sir Cloudesley Shovell" in Le Fevre and Harding, Precursors of Nelson.*
Henning, Basil, The History of Parliament The House of Commons 1660-1690, vol.II, "Kirkby, Richard", p.687-690,
Jones, Edward, "Historical Records of Newport, Co. Salop", Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural
History Society, vol.ix, Shrewsbury, 1886, p.128-131. (U. of Victoria)
Jouan, Rene, Histoire de la Marine Francaise, Paris
Kemp, Peter, The British Sailor, London, 1970.
Keevel,J.J., Medicine and the Navy, Edinburgh and London, 1957.
Lambert, Andrew, War at Sea in the Age of Sail, London, 2000.
La Ronciere, Ch. de, Histoire de la Marine Francaise, Paris.
Lavery, Brian, The Arming and Fitting of English Ships of War 1600-1815, London, 1987.
Lediard, Thomas. A Naval History of England, London, 1735.
Le Fevre, Peter, "Tangier, The Navy and its connection with the Glorious Revolution of 1688", Mariner's Mirror,
Le Fevre, Peter, "The Dispute over the Golden Horse of Algiers", Mariner's Mirror, 1987, p313-317.
Le Fevre, Peter, "The Earl of Torrington’s Court Martial 10 December 1690", Mariner’s Mirror, 1990,
Le Fevre, Peter, "Lord Torrington’s Trial – A Rejoinder, Mariner’s Mirror, 1992, p.7-15.
Le Fevre, Peter, "’Meer Laziness’ or Incompetence: The Earl of Torrington and the Battle of Beachy Head, Mariner’s
Mirror, Vol.80, 1994, p.290-297.
Lee, C.D. "Lord Torrington’s Trial", Mariner’s Mirror, vol.77, 1991, p.178-9.
Lee, C.D., "The Battle of Beachy Head: Lord Torrington’s Conduct", Mariner’s Mirror, Vol.80, 1994, p.270-289.
Leslie, Charles, History of Jamaica, London, 1740.
Manning, Owen and Bray, William, The History and Antiquities of the County of Surrey, 1804, p.228.
Marx, Robert F., Port Royal Rediscovered, 1973, New York, Doubleday.
McCaulay, T.B., History of England, Boston, 1849-1861).
Merriman, R.D., Queen Ann's Navy, Navy Records Society, 1961.
Merriman, R.D., The Sergison Papers, Navy Records Society, 1949, vol. 89.
Moses, Norton H., "The British Navy and The Caribbean 1689-1697" in the Mariners' Mirror, vol. 52, Feb. 1966.
Naval Songs and Ballads, ed. C.H.Firth, London, Navy Records Society, 1908.
Owen, John Hely, War at Sea Under Queen Ann, Cambridge, 1938.
Owen, Hugh, Some Account of the Ancient and Present State of Shrewsbury, Manchester, 1808, (U. of Victoria)
Owen, H. and Blakeway, J.B., A History of Shrewsbury, London, Harding, 1825, (available University of Toronto).
Phillips, T., The History and Antiquities of Shrewsbury, London, 1779.
Phillips, William, "The Ottley Papers Relating to the Civil War", Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and
Natural History Society, Part III, 2nd series, vol. viii, Shrewsbury, 1896, p. 272-281.
Powley, Edward, B., The Naval Side of King William’s War, London, 1972.
Ranson, Major Michael, "A Combined Operation", in William & Mary, ed.
Michael Butler, London, 1988.
Ranson, Major Michael, "A Seventeenth Century Combined Operation. The Invasion of William of Orange in 1688", in British
Army Review, December 1988.
Rodger, N.A.M., The Wooden World, London, 1986
Rodger, N.A.M., The Command of the Ocean, London, 2004.
Smollett, T., History of England, Oxford, 1827.*
Sloan, Hans, A Voyage to the Islands...Jamaica, London, 1707.
Tunstall, Brian, Naval Warfare in the Age of Sail, London, 1990.
The Victoria History of the Counties of England, Berkshire, London, 1972.
Williams, Rev., "Battle of Beaumaris, 1648", in Llwyd, Richard, Beaumaris Bay, a poem, London, 1800.
PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE AND NOTES:Katherine Dick Benbow, Linda Benbow, Robert